Microsoft Exchange has proven to be the world’s most popular business messaging and collaboration platform, which boosts company productivity through advanced features such as constantly synced email, files, calendars, and contacts. Mobile access is available on iPhones, iPads, Android smartphones, BlackBerry phones, and so on.
For many small and midsize businesses (SMBs), the cost of running an MS Exchange server is not affordable. Exchange server hosting means that a small monthly fee is paid for an IT service provider for using their IT infrastructure, and ongoing maintenance and support. Those companies who have their own servers can also install Exchange in Hosted Mode themselves.
In Exchange 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1), installation in hosting mode can be initiated by using the
switch when executing setup.com. However, in Exchange 2010 SP2,
To install Microsoft Exchange 2010 With SP1 in hosted (multi-tenancy) mode, you need the command line or PowerShell. Hosted Exchange setup through the Graphical User Interface (GUI) is not supported, so you cannot do the install by simply double-clicking on setup.com (or using autorun by inserting the installer disc to the optical drive or mounting the installer’s ISO file to a virtual drive).
If you don’t have the installer disc or ISO, you have to download the installer:
After downloading the file, it has to be extracted by executing the file, and defining a destination folder.
The preparation requires a command from the scripts directory, so you have to change the working directory to the subdirectory of ExchangeSP1
The required features (prerequisites) can be installed in command line as follows:
servermanagercmd /ip Exchange-All.xml
Alternatively, the prerequisites can be installed manually by installing the Microsoft Office 2010 Filter Packs, and in Server Manager, installing IIS 6 Management Console, IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility, IIS 7 Basic Authentication, IIS 7 Windows Authentication, IIS 7 Dynamic Content Compression, IIS7 Static Content Compression, and IIS 7 Digest Authentication.
In Powershell, the startup type of NetTcpPortSharing must be set to Automatic:
Set-Service NetTcpPortSharing –startuptype Automatic
The Active Directory scheme can be extended through the following command:
ServerManagerCmd -i RSAT-ADDS
which creates a new unit called ConfigurationUnits in Active Directory.
After these steps, the server should be restarted
shutdown -r -t 0
The next step is the actual installation of Exchange 2010 With Service Pack 1 in Hosted Mode with the required roles. The role codes are as follows:
setup.com /mode:install /role:HT,MT,CA,MB /organizationName:SWC /hosting
The server now needs a restart
shutdown -r -t 0
Note that the Exchange Management Console is not supported in a hosted environment, so if you check the Start menu, the link to the Exchange Management Console is missing. The file is available under
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\Exchange Management Console.msc
, but it cannot be used, thus it is not added to the Start menu.
You must use Exchange shell commands (cmdlets) to create and manipulate tenants.
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